A new study suggests that low sperm count does not necessarily mean infertility, but it surely pinpoints a plethora of underlying health issues men should be aware of.
New research shed more light on the low sperm count issue at The Endocrine Society’s 100th Annual Meeting and Expo on Sunday.
Study authors warned that the medical condition has been found to be linked to heart disease risk, metabolic issues, and low bone density. Lead author Alberto Ferlin and his team surveyed 5,177 men from infertile Italian couples.
Participants agreed to offer sperm samples and undergo a comprehensive health evaluation. Metabolic parameters and reproductive hormone levels were also assessed in the study.
A man with a low sperm count produces less than 39 million sperm cells per ejaculation. About half of participants were diagnosed with the condition and were 1.2 times more likely to have high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and be overweight or obese.
The study also revealed an association between metabolic syndrome and low sperm count. Metabolic syndrome can lead to a many health issues like diabetes, stroke, heart disease, and insulin resistance.
Other Factors that May Cause Poor Sperm Quality
The latest findings are in line with past studies that suggested a link between being overweight and infertility. Poor sperm quality is also affected by sexually transmitted infections (STIs), poor sleep, and genetics.
In addition, the latest study found that men with low sperm count had a higher risk of hypogonadism which decreases healthy testosterone levels. Low testosterone levels lead to weakening of the bones and conditions like osteoporosis and low bone density.
Dr. Ferlin noted that infertile men have plenty of underlying health issues which could shorten their lives. Fertility evaluation in men could help them keep an eye on their health. Researchers dismissed the theory that low sperm count may cause the underlying health issues mentioned above. It is just a telltale sign.
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